What is Earth Day and Why Was It Created?
Several years ago, environmentalists created a national day of action, known as Earth Day. The idea was to raise awareness about the harmful effects of industrial development on the environment. The day also encouraged volunteerism for the health of the planet. Today, the event is held annually on April 22.
The event originated in the United States in 1970, after Senator Gaylord Nelson of Wisconsin urged Congress to have a day of public discussion and demonstration about the environment. Nelson was convinced that the world’s ecosystem was at risk and wanted to force the issue onto the national agenda. He was able to convince President Kennedy to go on a conservation tour.
The United States was already facing a growing problem of air and water pollution. During the late 1960s and early 1970s, Americans were consuming a huge amount of leaded gas through V8 cars. As a result of the air and water pollution, mainstream America was largely unaware of the impact on the environment.
As a result, environmentalists began to create regulations to regulate the harmful effects of the industry. One example of these laws was the Clean Air Act. Other laws included the Safe Drinking Water Act and the Endangered Species Act.
The first Earth Day was held on April 22 in 1970. It addressed the dangers of toxic drinking water and pesticides. Many Americans took part in the demonstration. They also urged Congress to pass environmental laws.