What Happened on Earth Day in 1970?
WORLD EARTH DAY is a celebration and a reminder for mankind to protect species and Mother Earth. It is also a time to encourage businesses to make more environmentally friendly products and practices.
The first Earth Day took place on April 22, 1970. Senator Gaylord Nelson and a team of environmentalists envisioned the day as a day to raise awareness about the environment. They wanted to increase public support for environmental protection laws.
They thought that a national grassroots movement would create media attention for the issue. This would force politicians to address environmental concerns. The campaign gained traction when a major oil spill in Santa Barbara, California, occurred in January 1969.
This oil spill resulted in environmental pollution, environmental destruction, and the death of more than 10,000 marine animals and seals. It also sparked a national awareness campaign and inspired numerous environmental laws. The Clean Water Act, Endangered Species Act, and the Safe Drinking Water Act are just a few examples.
The success of Earth Day inspired President Richard Nixon to create the Environmental Protection Agency, a federal agency that would enforce environmental protection laws. The Clean Air Act followed shortly after.
During the 1960s, many people were frustrated with air pollution. A number of factories discharged toxic fumes into the air, and the environment was in danger. The 1960s also saw a growing movement for civil rights and anti-war protests. The student anti-war movement was one of the key factors in sparking the first Earth Day.